Saturday, February 18, 2017

New Accountability: SB 1 Amended in Committee

On Thursday, Senate Bill 1, sponsored by Senator Mike Wilson was approved by the Senate Education Committee with amendments in a committee substitute. On Friday, the bill passed the full Senate. House Committee consideration will be the next step.

Along with some smaller changes, the amendments:
  • Removed a change to the arts-based high school graduation requirement  
  • Deleted a requirement for the new accountability system to include a "band of schools" approach to school improvement
  • Revised the rules for identifying schools for targeted support and improvement based on weak results for student groups

To reflect the amendments, the Prichard Committee has updated its bill summary. Key issues include:
  • Standards for what students know and can do
  • Assessments and approaches to meeting standards
  • Accountability steps to ensure progress toward meeting standards
  • Other changes (including certified staff evaluations, school council changes, and Department of Education changes)

You can download the complete summary here or the full bill in its current edition here.

Eight Charter Questions: Rep. Carney's HB 520

| Susan Perkins Weston |

Representative John Carney, chair of the House Education Committee, filed a new charter school bill on Friday. Using the eight questions from the Prichard Committee's Informational Guide, here's a summary of his legislation. A two-page version to print out is available here, and you can download a complete copy of the bill here.

SPECIAL NOTE
Charter schools created under this bill will be “bodies politic and corporate.” That will make them a type of government body, rather than private entities that could be classified as for-profit or nonprofit organizations.

WHAT STUDENT RESULTS WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS BE EXPECTED TO DELIVER?
 Each charter school will have annual student achievement targets that are in accordance with the state accountability system. Each charter contract will also include a performance framework that includes student academic proficiency and growth, achievement gaps, and college or career readiness at the end of grade 12, and also includes data on school operations and on student attendance, suspensions, withdrawals, exits, and continuing enrollment from year to year. Charter applications will include a plan for “using external, internal, and state-required assessments to measure student progress on the performance framework.”

WHICH PUBLIC SCHOOL REQUIREMENTS WILL BE WAIVED, AND WHICH REQUIREMENTS WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS HAVE TO FOLLOW?
Required:
  • State assessments and school report card data reporting
  • Health and safety laws (including vaccinations, emergency drills, criminal record checks, weapons rules, student seclusion and restraint rules)
  • Civil and disability rights (including individualized education programs)
  • Plans for identifying and serving gifted students and students who are academically behind “including but not limited to the school's plan for compliance with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations” on serving those students
  • Financial audits and purchasing requirements under Kentucky Revised Statutes, Chapter 45
  • KTRS retirement for certified personnel and CERS retirement for other employees
Not required:
  • Free and reduced-price meals for low-income students (application must describe “the health and food services to be provided to students attending the school”)
  • Student learning services, including primary talent pool, primary program, family resource and youth services centers, individual learning plans, college-level courses in high school, and class size caps
  • State teacher evaluation rules, continuing contracts (tenure), and single salary schedule
  • MUNIS accounting and 2% contingency reserve
Possible questions:

Will health requirements include physical activity in grades K-5?

Will disability rights include alternate diplomas?

Will public school laws on suspensions and expulsions apply?

Will all teachers have to be certified by the Education Professional Standards Board?

Will purchases be subject to the bidding and conflict of interest rules in KRS Chapter 45A?
HOW WILL STUDENTS BE ADMITTED OR ASSIGNED TO CHARTER SCHOOLS?
Students who wish to attend will be admitted. If the number wishing to attend exceeds the charter school’s capacity, preference will be given to students who already attend the school, their siblings, and students who live in the district where the school is located. Charter schools will also be allowed to give preferences to students who are eligible for free or reduced-price meals, who attend persistently low-achieving school, or whose parents are board members or full-time employees. At conversion charter schools, a preference will also be given to students who attended the school before the conversion. Remaining slots will be awarded by lottery.

WHO WILL AUTHORIZE CHARTER SCHOOLS?
Charter schools will be authorized by the local school board in the district where the school will be located or by a collaborative of local boards formed to set up a regional charter school.

The Kentucky Board of Education will hear appeals of rejected applications, with power to order further authorizer consideration and (on a second appeal) order the charter approved after determining that the decision “was contrary to the best interest of the students or community.” Charters authorized after appeal will have joint oversight from the authorizer and KBE.

WHO WILL BE ABLE TO APPLY TO RUN A CHARTER SCHOOL?
“Teachers, parents, school administrators, community residents, public organizations, nonprofit organizations, or a combination thereof” will be able to apply. Each charter application will include by-laws and initial members of the school’s board of directors, which must include two parents of students at the school and must not include employees of the school or educational service providers that will serve the school. The board will be sworn in after the application is approved.

If a charter school plans to contract with an education service provider, the planned terms of the contract will be included in the charter application. (The bill defines an education service provider as “"Education service provider" means an education management organization, school design provider, or any other partner entity with which a public charter school contracts for educational design, implementation, or comprehensive management.")

Conversion charter schools will be allowed when the local school board votes for the conversion or 60% of parents sign a conversion petition. Applications for schools controlled wholly or partly by religious denominations will be rejected.
Possible question: Will private schools be able to apply to become public charter schools?
WILL CHARTER SCHOOL NUMBERS AND ENROLLMENTS BE SUBJECT TO CAPS?
No.

HOW WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS BE CLOSED IF THEY DO NOT DELIVER?
A charter authorizer will be able to refuse to renew a charter school’s contract if the school:
  • Fails to “meet or make significant progress toward” performance expectations
  • Persistently fails to correct violations of its contract, the charter school law, or financial management standards
  • Substantially violates material provisions of laws that apply to the charter school
There will be a formal process for hearing evidence for and against renewal, and decisions will be subject to appeal to KBE.

The charter authorizer will be able to revoke a charter school’s contract immediately if a violation threatens student health and safety.
Possible question: Will it be possible to revoke a charter (close it before the contract ends) for any reason other than threats to health and safety?
WHAT FUNDING WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS RECEIVE?
Charter schools will receive funds from the school district where each student lives, including a proportionate per pupil share of state and local funds except for those for transportation, capital outlay, and an administrative fee. That fee will be 3% for students from the district where the charter is located and 1% for students from other districts. Charter schools will also share in federal and state categorical programs in proportion to the eligible students enrolled at the school and follow reporting requirements for each of those programs.
Charter schools will be able to accept gifts, donations, and grants, so long as those funds are included in their annual reports and do not come with conditions that violate law or the charter contract.

Students who live in the district where the charter school is located will receive district transportation and the district will keep the funding allocated for transportation.

Charter school employees will receive state contributions for retirement, health, or life insurance on the same basis as other public school employees.

Virtual charter school applications will propose a funding level based on a detailed statement of the school’s costs.
Possible question: Will virtual charters be funded based on the costs listed in their applications or will they receive a proportionate per pupil share of all state and local funds?

Friday, February 10, 2017

Kentucky's accountability redesign is taking shape

| by Cory Curl, Associate Executive Director |

On Tuesday evening, the Kentucky Board of Education (KBE) discussed the most recent draft proposal for a new accountability and data reporting system for all Kentucky school districts and elementary, middle, and high schools.

This will be one of the most important policies that the Commonwealth of Kentucky sets for K-12 education. The Prichard Committee has been an active participant with KBE and other stakeholders in creating the new system.

The proposed accountability model will be how the state communicates ambitious goals for student learning, how it educates and empowers parents with information about schools, and one of the ways it provides education leaders and policymakers with data to make more informed decisions to improve opportunities for each student.

We hope that you will review and discuss the draft plan in your community. We will publish summaries and analysis of the draft over the next few weeks.

We believe that for the system to work effectively, it must drive outcomes in core subject areas, increase postsecondary readiness and provide every student opportunities to explore and perform in areas of interest. Additionally, the system must encourage ambitious goals for student outcomes to guide Kentucky to the top of national education rankings in the next ten years.

The Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) plans to release the final plan for public comment in March and to submit the final accountability plan to the U.S. Department of Education in September. So there is ample time to share your suggestions, concerns, and questions before the plan takes its final form. Your engagement is critical to the successful implementation of the accountability system.

For more background, see our earlier post Accountability Changes: Six Big Questions and view our webinars and fact sheets about several considerations for accountability systems:

Please also reach out to us at any time if you have questions or want to learn more.

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Charter School Success for Kentucky's Students -- Is in the Details

| by Brigitte Blom Ramsey, Executive Director |
With the General Assembly back in session this week, pending legislation to allow for charter schools in Kentucky is top of mind for legislators and education advocates.  

For the past two years, the Prichard Committee has worked to ensure that Kentucky policymakers and citizens have access to facts and research about the potential impacts of charter schools on education in our state and on student outcomes (see our report Exploring Charter Schools in Kentucky: An Informational Guide (2014) and corresponding blog post What the Research Tells Us About Charter Schools & How That Informs Our Next Steps (2014)).

Now, given the near certainty of charter school legislation this session, it’s important that we all work to make charter schools a reliable “tool in the toolbox” of our public education system -  one that can be part of a clear overall strategy to increase student achievement and close achievement gaps. Kentucky’s improvement in education over the past 26 years is in the top quarter of all states.  Any charter school action (like any adjustments to our education system) should be entertained thoughtfully to ensure our public resources are  used to, not only maintain progress but to, quicken the pace of further improvement (see the Prichard Committee Policy Statement on Charter Schools in Kentucky (2016)).


Kentucky's leaders have learned a great deal in the last few months.
In late November 2016, the Kentucky Department of Education and Cabinet for Education and Workforce Development hosted a Kentucky Board of Education Special Meeting on Charters to learn from researchers who have studied the impacts of charter schools. The event included presentations from the Education Commission of the States, Center for Research on Education Outcomes at Stanford University, University of Kentucky, and the Prichard Committee. Researchers agreed on some common themes:
  • Charters show the largest learning gains for low-income students and African-American students in urban areas, with less clear results for other student groups;
  • High-quality charter schools with a trackrecord of success are realizing these gains for students; and
  • Many charters that incorporate a ‘no excuses’, ‘whatever it takes’ model and attract teachers with that same mindset have achieved great success with educationally disadvantaged student populations.

As a result of the learning session with researchers, KBE issued a position statement on charter schools which expresses a preference for local authorizing with an appeal to the state Board, a focus on “at-risk and underserved students” and funding that doesn’t negatively impact overall funding for public schools.

In December 2016, we joined several Kentucky Board of Education members, including Ben Cundiff our host for the day (KBE member and Prichard Committee member), on a visit to two public charter schools in Nashville, TN -  East End Prep and Explore! Community School. KBE member Dr. Gary Houchens archived the visit in this post.

Our visit helped us see the faces of leaders, teachers, and kids behind the numbers in the 2015 Urban Charter School Study from Stanford’s Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO). This study indicates that high-quality charter schools in cities such as Boston, Newark, Memphis, and Nashville have spurred strong learning gains among some of our nation’s most disadvantaged children.

Our visit also underscored the importance of an emerging issue we hear frequently in national meetings of education reform researchers and advocates – an issue that Kentucky will be wise to put at the forefront as we move forward:
  • Instilling collaboration between public charters and traditional public schools, that engages and inspires community support, will be critical to ensuring all children are served well (Center for Reinventing Public Education (2016)).  Collaboration has been a hallmark of education policy in Kentucky for years and should be leveraged as a position of strength – allowing us to uniquely benefit from some of the most current research on charters.  

What happens in Frankfort over the next few weeks MATTERS.
Kentucky’s legislative framework to be shaped in the coming weeks can be the first step in building conditions for success, and aiming for the positive results charters have provided for some students. The broad parameters of the legislation, as well as the details, are still very much in play (see our bill summaries for HB 103 and SB 70).
Kentucky will likely be the 45th state (including the District of Columbia) to approve public charter schools and, as many have noted before, we owe it to ourselves (in fact, our students) to learn and benefit from the successes and challenges in other states. For any legislative framework, we see four major issues as essential:
  • Authorizers -- Researchers repeatedly point to the importance of authorizers who have been highly trained to support key principals and standards such as those outlined in the NACSA Quality Authorizing Guide (2015)The Prichard Committee supports a moderate approach to initial charter legislation with authorizing by locally elected school boards and an appeal mechanism to the Kentucky Board of Education as a secondary authorizer. All authorizers should be trained in and required to adhere to nationally recognized standards for quality authorizing. 
  • Accountability and oversight -- Charter school accountably is a key component of overall quality of the public education system. The Prichard Committee supports monitoring and oversight by the Kentucky Board of Education with strong renewal/closure standards and charter contract requirements with clear performance expectations for raising achievement and closing achievement gaps. 
  • Enrollment -- Charter schools should not discriminate in the enrollment of students in any fashion. The Prichard Committee asserts that no student or group of students should be prohibited from enrollment on the basis of ability, performance, geography, socioeconomic status, race or ethnicity, and also that charter schools must provide free and reduced-price meals as well as services for students with learning differences.
  • Funding -- Funding for charter schools should not diminish the resources currently available to school districts to educate and increase achievement for all students. Federal funding will likely be available to support public charters in Kentucky and, historically, states have been asked to outline their strategy for using charters to increase student achievement (USDOE Public Charter Program). The Prichard Committee supports the expression of an explicit, bold goal that seeks to increase student outcomes for all student groups in the Commonwealth and the investment of resources to achieve the goal.  

As citizen advocates for improved education in Kentucky, we are committed to working in partnership with educators, community and faith leaders, philanthropy, and the business community to ensure only exceptional public schools – public traditional schools, and public charters if legislation does indeed become law.  Our public education system should leave nothing to chance as we put each student in Kentucky on a meaningful path to academic and life success.

Ultimately, our success – as individuals and as a state - will be measured in the excellence and equity of the education our students receive and the deep engagement by parents and communities in the process.







Friday, January 27, 2017

A Prichard Summary of Senate Bill 1

The Prichard Committee has just released a three-page summary of Senate Bill 1, sponsored by Senator Mike Wilson and a number of his colleagues.  The summary is organized around key issues in the bill including:
  • Standards for what students know and can do
  • Assessments and approaches to meeting standards
  • Accountability steps to ensure progress toward meeting standards
  • Other changes (including certified staff evaluations, the arts graduation requirement, school council changes, and Department of Education changes)
You can download the complete summary here and download the full bill here.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Reflections on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Education | by Brigitte Blom Ramsey

On Monday of this week, I was honored to be a presenter at Lexington’s 23rd Annual Unity Breakfast hosted by the Education Foundation of theAlpha Beta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.  The theme for this year’s program was Unity: Make it Your Lifestyle. More than 1,700 people attend the 6:45 a.m. breakfast which honors the work and legacy of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Presenters each year are asked to provide reflections on Dr. King’s influence in four areas.  This year’s line up included:

Ms. Ollie Rashid – Humanitarian
Christian-Muslim Dialogue

Dr. Roger Cleveland – Civil Rights
Eastern Kentucky University

Dr. Seamus Carey – Spiritual Leader
Transylvania University

Brigitte Blom Ramsey – Education
Prichard Committee

The day of celebration and reflection delivered repeated doses of inspiration through word and song, with a particularly moving rendition of “His Eyes are on the Sparrow” by Ms. Jessica Bush

Unity awards are given every year to individuals or organizations believed to exemplify the true legacy of Dr. King.  This year’s recipients were Mr. Jesse Crenshaw, a former member of the Kentucky House of Representatives, and Mr. Josh Nadzem, co-founder of On the Move Art Studio.  A special salute was given to Kentucky’s 2013 Poet Laureate, Mr. Frank X. Walker.  Zoe Jenkins of Winburn Middle School, Rose McClanahan of Morton Middle School and Ellie Adams of SCAPA at Bluegrass were also recognized for their essays about unity. 

Alpha Beta Lambda is the local chapter of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. which was the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent.  Alpha Phi Alpha was established in 1906 at Cornell University with solid foundational principles of “scholarship, fellowship, good character and the uplifting of humanity”.  Lexington’s Alpha Beta Lambda Chapter was founded in 1928.  They focus on educational programs, including: scholarships for local youth, tutoring at William Wells Brown Elementary School, and community outreach in support of the March of Dimes and God’s Pantry Food Bank.  Two Chapter members are also members of the Prichard Committee - Mr. William H. Wilson and Mr. Emmanuel Washington.  

We are grateful to the Education Foundation of Alpha Beta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity for allowing us to be part of the 23rd Unity Breakfast.   

Saturday, January 14, 2017

In 2017, Let’s Take Bold Steps for Kentucky’s Youngest Kids

| by Cory Curl, Associate Executive Director |

Last week, the Prichard Committee called on the 2017 General Assembly to set bold goals with expectations to increase student performance and close achievement gaps across the Commonwealth.

As parents, we know our kids benefit when we set clear goals and expectations. My five-year-old son makes concrete, ambitious goals for himself for Lego projects. He also follows through – just look at that Space Shuttle! But he needs his parents, teachers, and other caregivers to be clear about our expectations for all the other aspects of his learning, growth, and character. By doing so, we also communicate to him that we’re invested in his success.

Likewise, young children across Kentucky benefit when leaders in communities, business, schools, and government set bold goals for them – increasingly, they are taking bold steps to invest in kids’ current and future well-being.

Here are a few of the many ways that Kentucky will build on its early childhood education progress in 2017:

Voluntary Home Visiting
Kentucky is the only state in the nation that provides statewide support to new families and their infants and toddlers through evidence-based, voluntary home visiting. Each year, HANDS provides home-based mentoring and coaching to more than 8,000 at-risk families across all Kentucky counties. Research conducted here in Kentucky shows that HANDS has a significant effect on improving birth outcomes, helping new parents improve their skills, and reducing child maltreatment.
In 2017, we will encourage continued expansion of HANDS and secured funding through the reauthorization of the federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program.

Quality Learning Environments
A recent report rates Kentucky’s Head Start program as 2nd in the nation for quality thanks to investment in teacher training. Kentucky is also taking a giant leap to embed quality throughout preschool, child care, and Head Start through its new Kentucky All-STARS quality rating system. Several programs, such as Warren County’s preschools, have already earned 5-star ratings for quality.
In 2017, we will encourage the development and continuous improvement of All-STARS, along with incentives to encourage more school districts and child care providers to meet higher levels of quality.

Local Partnerships
School districts, child care centers, and Head Start programs across Kentucky want to serve more preschool-age children in high-quality, full-day learning environments. Unfortunately, Kentucky has lost ground in preschool enrollment – falling in state rankings from 24th in 2008 to 40th in 2016. Creative, locally driven public/private partnerships will help reverse this trend.
In 2017, we will be learning innovative approaches from grantees of the new Preschool Partnership Grant Program. These are school districts, child care centers, and other communities working together to better serve more children and their working families.

The Strong Start Kentucky coalition of individuals and organizations, including the Prichard Committee, has committed to advancing Kentucky’s early childhood system from birth through 3rd grade by prioritizing these three areas of focus for this coming year.

Our kids win when we set bold goals and clear expectations for them, and our Commonwealth wins when our kids meet those expectations and succeed in life.

Join with us in sharing your goals for children and our Commonwealth with policymakers in Frankfort during Children’s Advocacy Day on February 9th and Live United Day on February 16th.


Sunday, January 8, 2017

Eight Charter Questions: Rep. Moffett's HB 103

| Susan Perkins Weston |

At the start of the 2017 legislative session, Representative Phil Moffett has filed a bill on charter schools. Using the eight questions from the Prichard Committee's Informational Guide, here's a summary of his legislation. A two-page version to print out is available here, and you can download a complete copy of the bill request here.

SPECIAL NOTE
In addition to its charter school provisions, HB 103 calls for a new category of opportunity schools and to an end to new districts of innovation, though already approved districts could continue their work.

WHAT STUDENT RESULTS WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS BE EXPECTED TO DELIVER?
Each body that seeks to authorize charter schools will propose “a description or outline of the performance framework the potential authorizer will use to guide the establishment of a charter contract.” Charter applicants will submit a plan to an authorizer that includes “using external, internal, and state-required assessments to measure student progress on the performance framework.” Charter schools will also “subject to the student assessment and accountability requirements applicable to noncharter public schools in the state.”

WHICH PUBLIC SCHOOL REQUIREMENTS WILL BE WAIVED, AND WHICH REQUIREMENTS WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS HAVE TO FOLLOW?
Required:
  • State assessments, program audits, and other data for accountability
  • Health and safety laws (including vaccinations, emergency drills, criminal record checks, weapons rules, student seclusion and restraint rules)
  • Civil and disability rights (except that “If a student's individualized education program team determines that a disabled student's needs are so profound that they cannot be met in the public charter school, and the public charter school cannot provide a free, appropriate public education to that student, the student's district of residence shall place the student in a more appropriate setting”)
  • Plans for identifying and serving gifted students and students who are academically behind “including but not limited to the school's plan for compliance with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations” on serving those students
  • Employee health and life insurance matching that received by district employees
  • Transportation for students who live in the district where the school is located
  • Financial audits
  • Open meetings and records rules for governing boards and contractors paid more than $25,000
Not required:
  • Free and reduced-price meals for low-income students (application must describe “the health and food services to be provided to students attending the school”)
  • Student learning services, including primary talent pool, primary program, family resource and youth services centers, individual learning plans, college-level courses in high school, and class size caps
  • Teacher certification, state processes for teacher growth and effectiveness, continuing contracts (tenure), and single salary schedule
  • MUNIS accounting, state purchasing and bidding rules, and 2% contingency reserve
District-authorized charter schools will participate in state retirement programs. Participation by other charter schools will be optional, but the state retirement appropriations will include charter employees.

Possible questions: Will health requirements include physical activity in grades K-5? Will disability rights include alternate diplomas? Will public school laws on suspensions and expulsions apply?

HOW WILL STUDENTS BE ADMITTED OR ASSIGNED TO CHARTER SCHOOLS?
Students who wish to attend will be admitted. If the number wishing to attend exceeds the school’s capacity, preference will be given to students who already attend the school, their siblings, and students who live in the district where the school is located. A charter school will also be allowed to give preference to the children of its full-time employees and members of its governing board, so long as those children are not more than 10% of the school’s enrollment. Remaining slots will be awarded by lottery. At conversion charter schools, a preference will also be given to students who attended the school before the conversion.

Possible question: Will charter school be able to establish additional preferences or requirements for admissions, beyond those listed in the bill?

WHO WILL AUTHORIZE CHARTER SCHOOLS?
Charter schools will have multiple authorizers: school districts, mayors’ offices in Lexington and Louisville, the boards of four-year colleges and universities with accredited education schools, and the Council on Postsecondary Education will all be eligible for authorizing roles. Those potential authorizers will submit applications to the Kentucky Board of Education, setting out the performance frameworks they will use, other elements of their authorizing plans, and commitment to the legal requirements in the bill. The Kentucky Board of Education will be the authorizer for virtual charter schools and hear appeals when charter applications are rejected.

Possible question: Which bodies will authorize conversion charter schools?

WHO WILL BE ABLE TO APPLY TO RUN A CHARTER SCHOOL?
“Teachers, parents, school administrators, community residents, public organizations, nonprofit organizations, or a combination thereof” will be able to apply. Half of the governing board’s members will have to be parents of the school’s students, and no more than one-third of members will be teachers or administrators at the school. If a charter school plans to contract with an education service provider, the planned terms of the contract will be included in the charter application. A single board will be allowed to govern more than one charter school, and incorporation will be required if the school seeks state facilities funding.

Conversion charter schools will be allowed when the local school board votes for the conversion or a “simple majority of the parents or guardians of students who attend the school have signed a petition requesting the conversion.”

Possible questions: Will a private school be able to apply to convert to a public charter school? Will charter schools be required to obtain 501(c) nonprofit recognition from the Internal Revenue Service?

WILL CHARTER SCHOOL NUMBERS AND ENROLLMENTS BE SUBJECT TO CAPS?
No.

HOW WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS BE CLOSED IF THEY DO NOT DELIVER?
Charter revocation will be allowed if a charter school does not meet or make progress toward performance expectations. If a charter school receives “fair and specific notice from the authorizer” of violations of the charter contract, standards of financial management, or applicable education laws and then fails to correct the violation, revocation will also be allowed. Each charter authorizer will set up additional procedures for notifying a school and allowing it to present evidence and arguments against revocation, and final decisions will be made by a resolution of the authorizer’s governing board.

Possible question: What will constitute the governing board if a mayor’s office is the authorizer?

WHAT FUNDING WILL CHARTER SCHOOLS RECEIVE?
Charter schools authorized by a school district will be funded ”at a minimum, at the same level as noncharter public schools located in the school district.”

Charter schools authorized by other bodies will receive funding matched to the full per-pupil state and local dollars included in the SEEK formula, including local tax revenue that is not eligible for SEEK equalization (known as Tier II). The charter school will also receive state and federal categorical funds, and will be eligible to participate in a “public charter school facility revolving loan program.”

Possible question: if a charter school enrolls students from two districts with different levels of Tier II local revenue, will the charter school receive funding based on the district where it is located or based on the districts where the students reside?